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KS2

Please see below for information about National Curriculum topics covered in Key Stage Two.
Topic work incorporates science themes

Key Stage Two (Lower) - Years 3 and 4


Key Stage Two (Lower)

Skills

Topics to be covered

Cross Curricular

 

Asking relevant questions and answer them using different enquiry techniques

 

Set up simple practicals

( consider fair tests)

 

 

 

Make systematic and careful measurements using standard units

 

Gather, record, classify, and present data in a variety of ways

 

Report on findings: displays, written and oral explanations and conclusions

 

Use conclusions to form new predictions

Suggest improvements to methods

 

Identify difference, similarities or changes related to simple

 

scientific ideas and processes

Use scientific evidence to answer questions or to support findings

 

 

Plants(3):

 

·       Identify and describe the functions of different parts of flowering plants

·       Explore the requirements of plants or life and growth

·       Investigate how water is transported within plants

·       Explore the life cycle of plants and the role of flowers within it

 

Animals, including humans(3):

 

·       Balanced Diets and Nutrition

·       The role of skeletons and muscles.

 

Animals, including humans(4):

 

·       Describe the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system

·       Describe the different types of teeth in humans and their functions

·       Construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying producers, predator and prey

 

Living things and their habitat(4):

 

·       Recognise that living things can be grouped in a variety of ways

 

·       Explore and use classification keys to group, identify and name a variety of living things

·       Recognise that environments change and this can pose dangers to living things

 

 

Rocks(3):

 

·       Compare and group different rocks

·       Describe how fossils are formed

·       Recognise that soil is made from rocks and organic matter

 




States of Matter(4):

 

·       Compare and group materials as Soilds, Liquids and Gases

·       Observe that some materials change state when heated and cooled

·       Identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and associate the rate of evaporation with temperature

 

 

 

Light(3):

 

·       Recognise that light is needed to see things and that dark is the absence of light

·       Notice that light Is reflected off surfaces

·       Recognise that light from the sun can be dangerous and how to protect their eyes

·       Recognise that shadows are formed when light is blocked

·       Find patterns in the way that the size of shadows change

 

Forces and Magnets(3):

 

·       Compare how things move on different surfaces

·       Notice that some forces need contact between two objects, but magnets act over a distance

·       Observe how magnets attract or repel each other

·       Compare and group materials that are magnetic

·       Describe magnets as having two poles

·       Predict whether two magnets will attract or repel each other

 

Sound(4):

 

·       Identify how sounds are made, associating it with vibrations

·       Recognise that the vibrations travel through a medium to the ear

·       Find patterns with the pitch and the features of the object

·       Find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it

·       Recognise that sounds get fainter as distance increases

 

Electricity(4):

 

·       Identify common appliances run on electricity

·       Construct a simple series electrical circuit and name the parts (bulb, wire, switches, cells and buzzers)

·        

 

·       Predict whether a lamp will light based on the circuit being complete or not/ switch being open or closed

·       Recognise some common conductors and insulators

                                                                                                           

 

 

Topic/Theme – The Rainforest

 

Literacy – Information texts

 

Numeracy – Classifying and sorting – Venn and Carroll

 

 

 

 

Topic/Theme – Healthy Me  

 

 

 











Topic/Theme - Africa

 

Literacy – Stories from different cultures – Mufaro’s daughter

 

 







Topic/Theme – Rivers and Seas

 

Geography – Rivers and seas

 

Topic/Theme – Mountains and Volcanoes  

 

Literacy – Suspense stories linked with Romans

 

History – Romans/Pompeii

 

Topic/Theme - Chocolate  

 

Literacy – Authors and Letters – Roald Dahl – Charlie and the Chocolate Factory

 

History – The Aztecs

Geography - Fairtrade

 

 

 

 

 

 

Topic/Theme – WW2

 

Literacy – Stories with issues and dilemmas (Carrie’s War)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Topic/Theme - Robots

 

Literacy – Iron Man

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Music - Making musical instuments













Art and Design - Make a fairground game


Key Stage Two (Upper) Year 5 and 6 Middle School Curriculum
Science Topics taught stand alone but cross curricular links made within lessons and activity days

Key Stage Two (Upper)

Skills

Topics to be covered

Cross Curricular

 

Plan different types of tests to include control variables

 

Take measurements with accuracy and precision (including repeats)

 

Record data in tables and a variety of graphs

 

Use results to make further predictions

 

 

Report on findings, draw conclusions and decide if results can be trusted

 

Identify evidence that can support or refute ideas

 

 

Living things and the Environment (5)

 

·       Describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, amphibian, an insect and bird

·       Describe the Life Process of reproduction in plants and animals

 

Animals including Humans (5)

 

·       Describe the changes as humans develop to old age

 

 

Living things and their habitat (6)

 

·       Classify organisms into groups according to characteristics

·       Give reasons for classifying plants and animals

 

Animals including humans (5)

 

·       Identify the main parts of the human circulatory system and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood

·       Recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the ways their body functions

·       Describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals(humans)

 

Evolution and Inheritance (6)

 

·       Recognise that living things have changes over time and that fossils provide information about living things million of years ago

·       Recognise that living things produce offspring of the same kind, but offspring vary and are not identical to parents

·       Identify how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment which may lead to evolution

 

 

Properties and Changes of Materials (5)

 

·       Compare and group everyday materials by their properties (hardness, solubility, transparency, conductivity, and magnetism)

·       Give reasons for the uses of materials based on their properties based on evidence (from tests)

·       Compare and group materials as Soilds, Liquids and Gases

·       Observe that some materials change state when heated and cooled

·       Identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and associate the rate of evaporation with temperature

 

Properties and Changes of Materials (6)

 

·       Know that some materials dissolve to from a solution and how to recover the substance

·       Use knowledge of solids, liquids and gases to decide how to separate mixtures

·       Demonstrate that dissolving, mixing and changes in state are reversible

·       Explain that some changes results in new substance being made and this is not reversible

 

Earth and Space(5)

 

·       Describe the movement of the Earth and other planets relative to the sun in the solar system

·       Describe the movement of the Moon relative to the Earth

·       Describe the Sun, Earth and Moon as spherical bodies

·       Use the idea of the Earth’s rotation to explain day and night and it’s apparent movement across the sky

 

Sound(5):

 

 

·       Identify how sounds are made, associating it with vibrations

·       Recognise that the vibrations travel through a medium to the ear

·       Find patterns with the pitch and the features of the object

·       Find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it

·       Recognise that sounds get fainter as distance increases

 

Forces(6)

 

·       Explain that objects fall towards the Earth because of gravity

·       Identify the effects of air resistance, water resistance and friction

·       Recognise that some mechanisms, including levers, pulleys and gears, allow a smaller force to have a greater effect

 

 

 

 

Light (6)

 

·       Recognise that light travels in straight lines

·       Explain that objects are seen because objects give out or reflect light into the eye

·       Explain that light travels from light sources to the eyes or from light sources to objects and then the eyes

·       Explain why shadows have the same shape as the object that cast them

 

Electricity (6)

 

·       Associate brightness of a lamp/volume of buzzer with the number and voltage of cells used in a circuit

·       Compare and give reasons for variations in how components function (brightness of bulbs/loudness of buzzer and switches)

·       Use symbols when representing a simple circuit diagram

 

 

 

 

Topic – Life Cycles

Art – Drawing of flowers and identify main parts

Literacy – Poems to Summarise life processes or life cycle of a ling organism of their choice

 



PSHE – Human development and changes

 

ICT & Craft – Use models and stop frame animation to show change over time

 

 

Topic – Classification and Food Chains

 

Numeracy – Using a key to identify organism

Tally chart and Bar graphs could be used.

 

 

Topic – Healthy Living

 

Literacy – Write a story to describe the journey of Billy the red blood cell.

Numeracy – Measure pulse before and after exercise. Graph results and analyse – describe pattern.

Draw a bar chart ( extension - pie chart to show area of diet /exercise in the class)

 


Topic – Adaptation

 

Literacy – Research Darwin and write a report to summarise main ideas about evolution

 

Numeracy – Draw a timeline to show evolution of the horse (or any example) to scale

 

Art/Craft – Make a model of animal/creature that is adapted to environment.

 

Geography – Fossilisation and Rocks

 

Topic – Materials

 

 

 

 

 Numeracy – Measure temperature of substance/water. Use of negative numbers.

Tabulate results and draw line graph. Analyse data and interpret data

 

Literacy/Art – Draw a comic strip to show the journey a water molecule makes though the water cycle

Geography topic learning objectives covered here

 

Topic – Materials (2)

 

Literacy – Write a set of instructions to describe how to separate and recover a substance

 

Numeracy – Measure how much of a solute dissolves in a measured solvent

 

 

 

 


Topic – Earth and Space

 

Numeracy – Draw or build a scale model of the solar system


Literacy – Write Mnemonic poem to remember the order of the planets

 

Numeracy – Measure time using a sundial or stick

History/B&V – What did we used to believe about the planets and the Sun?

 

Topic – Sound

 

Music – Make a musical instrument

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Topic – Forces

 

Numeracy - Measure Force in Newtons and apply  this to calculating gravitional force (extension)

 

Literacy - Write a story about a world without friction or what it would be like if you visited another planet in terms of gravity

 

 

Topic – Light

 

Numeracy – Measure light reflecting, do they notice a pattern?

 

Literacy – Write a persuasive letter for why bright/reflective clothing should be worn.

 

 

 

 

Topic – Electricity

 

Numeracy – Record data and draw a graph. Analyse results


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